Using Polylite ASA and ABS Filaments: A Comprehensive Guide

Polylite ASA and ABS filaments are renowned in the 3D printing world for their durability and quality. Both these materials are ideal for creating parts that need to withstand environmental challenges. This guide aims to provide you with the knowledge to maximize your print quality using these filaments.

Printing with Polylite ASA

How to Get the Best Bed Adhesion with ASA Filament

To ensure successful prints with ASA filament, achieving good bed adhesion is crucial. Using a heated build plate and applying a suitable bed adhesive can significantly improve adhesion. Keeping the build plate clean and debris-free also enhances bed adhesion.

How to Prevent Warping When Printing with ASA Filament

ASA filament is prone to warping due to its temperature resistance. To mitigate this, maintain a stable environment around the printer. Enclosed 3D printers or draught-free spaces are ideal for printing with ASA.

How to Reduce Stringing and Oozing When Printing with ASA Filament

Optimizing print settings like retraction distance and speed is vital to reduce stringing and oozing. Additionally, keeping the ASA filament dry and storing it properly can also help minimize these issues.

How to Cool Your Prints Properly When Using ASA Filament

Proper part cooling is essential, especially for intricate designs. A part cooling fan aids in rapid cooling of the material, leading to better print quality and layer adhesion.

What Printing Temperatures to Use for ASA Filament

ASA filament requires a higher printing temperature, typically around 240-260°C. It’s important to find the optimal temperature for your specific printer and filament batch.

How to Set Your Retraction Settings for ASA Filament

Retraction settings prevent oozing and stringing. For ASA, a retraction distance of 5-6mm and a speed of 40-60mm/s are good starting points, which can be adjusted based on the printer’s performance.

Printing with Polylite ABS

How to Get the Best Bed Adhesion with ABS Filament

Like ASA, ABS requires a heated bed and an appropriate adhesive for optimal bed adhesion. A bed temperature of around 110°C is recommended.

How to Prevent Warping When Printing with ABS Filament

Maintain a consistent temperature around the print area to prevent ABS from warping. Using an enclosure can be particularly effective.

How to Reduce Stringing and Oozing When Printing with ABS Filament

Properly adjusted retraction settings are key. For ABS, a slightly higher retraction speed compared to ASA can be beneficial.

How to Cool Your Prints Properly When Using ABS Filament

Although ABS requires less cooling than ASA, a part cooling fan set at a low speed can improve print quality without causing warping.

What Printing Temperatures to Use for ABS Filament

ABS typically prints best between 220-250°C. It’s essential to experiment with your printer to find the sweet spot.

How to Set Your Retraction Settings for ABS Filament

A good starting point for ABS is a retraction distance of 4-5mm and a speed of 50-70mm/s.

Optimizing Settings for Both ASA and ABS

What Nozzle Size and Layer Height to Use for ASA and ABS Filament

A 0.4mm nozzle is standard for both filaments. Layer heights of 0.2mm are a good balance between speed and detail.

What Fan Speed to Use for ASA and ABS Filament

Fan speeds for ASA and ABS should be lower than those used for PLA. Around 30-50% fan speed is usually adequate.

What Flow Rate to Use for ASA and ABS Filament

A flow rate of 100% is standard, but it might require adjustments depending on the printer and filament quality.

How to Store ASA and ABS Filament

Proper storage of ASA and ABS filament is crucial to maintain their quality and ensure high-quality prints. Here are detailed guidelines for storing these materials:

1. Keeping Filaments Dry
  • Moisture Absorption: Both ASA and ABS filaments are hygroscopic, meaning they absorb moisture from the air. This moisture can lead to printing issues like poor layer adhesion and increased stringing.
  • Storage Solutions: Use airtight containers with desiccants like silica gel packs. Vacuum-sealed bags are also effective for long-term storage.
2. Temperature and Environmental Conditions
  • Optimal Temperature: Store filaments in a cool, stable environment. Extreme temperature fluctuations can degrade filament quality.
  • UV Resistance: While ASA filament offers inherent UV resistance, prolonged exposure to UV light can still affect its color and strength. ABS, on the other hand, is more susceptible to UV damage. Store both filaments away from direct sunlight.
3. Avoiding Physical Damage
  • Spool Handling: Keep the filaments on their spools to avoid tangling. Ensure that the end of the filament is securely attached to the spool when not in use.
  • Physical Protection: Store filaments in a place where they won’t be crushed or bent. Distorted filaments can cause printing problems.
4. Monitoring Filament Condition
  • Visual Inspection: Regularly check for signs of degradation like discoloration or brittleness.
  • Pre-Printing Checks: Before printing, unspool a small length of filament to check for consistent diameter and flexibility.

Troubleshooting Common Polylite ASA and ABS Printing Issues

1. Warping and Bed Adhesion Problems

  • Heated Bed: Ensure your printer’s heated bed is at the optimal temperature (110°C for ABS, 90-100°C for ASA).
  • strong>Bed Surface: Use a build surface that enhances adhesion like PEI sheets or glass beds coated with adhesives.
  • Bed Leveling: Regularly level your printing bed to ensure uniform first-layer adhesion.

2. Stringing and Oozing

  • Retraction Settings: Fine-tune your printer’s retraction settings. Start with the guidelines provided earlier and adjust based on your printer’s response.
  • Print Temperature: Experiment with lowering the printing temperature in small increments to find a balance between good flow and reduced stringing.

3. Poor Layer Adhesion

  • Part Cooling Fan: For ASA and ABS, minimize cooling fan usage. High cooling rates can cause layers to not bond properly.
  • Print Speed: Slower print speeds can improve layer bonding, as it allows better thermal contact between layers.

4. Issues with Print Quality

  • Nozzle Clogs: Regularly clean your nozzle to prevent clogs. Acetone vapor can be used for ABS, but be cautious as it can be hazardous.
  • Calibration: Ensure your printer is well-calibrated, including the flow rate and extrusion multiplier settings.

5. Post Processing

  • Acetone Vapor for ABS: ABS parts can be smoothed using acetone vapor, creating a glossy finish and strengthening the bonds between layers.
  • ASA Post Processing: ASA prints can be sanded or painted for a finished look, but be mindful of the filament’s temperature resistance.

By following these guidelines, you can solve common issues associated with printing with Polylite ASA and ABS filaments.

Mastering Polylite ASA and ABS Filaments for Exceptional 3D Printing Results

By thoroughly mastering these advanced techniques and gaining a deep understanding of the unique properties of Polylite ASA and ABS filaments, you will be able to unlock a whole new level of excellence in your 3D printing endeavors. Whether you’re a passionate hobbyist or a seasoned professional, implementing these invaluable insights will empower you to consistently achieve stunning, museum-quality prints that will leave a lasting impression.

Should you require any further assistance or wish to explore our extensive range of top-notch 3D printing supplies, please don’t hesitate to reach out to us at Unique Prints. We are here to provide you with the guidance and support you need to elevate your creations to unprecedented heights. Let’s embark on this exciting journey together!

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About the Author: Unique Prints Shop

When we bought our first off the shelf 3D Printer in 2019, like many others, it wasn’t without its shortfalls. While being a great machine to begin our 3D printing journey on, it required immediate fixes and several replacement parts to be its best. Then we discovered the Voron!… A do-it-yourself, source-it-yourself, spaceship of a printer designed by the team at Voron Design for the hobbyist and enthusiast. Learn More